Obligations and guarantees
Distribution sites close to the end-consumer
Strategic reserves are held in customs-controlled facilities and distributed throughout France to ensure the best geographic coverage. The objective is to maintain a minimum of 10 days’ worth of consumption for gasoline and 15 days of consumption for gazole within each defense zone . Approved annually at the interministerial commission of hydrocarbon plants (CIDH), this geographical distribution of strategic reserves in seven defense zones must guarantee a proximity of stocks to the end-consumer.
Distribution of storage sites for a greater reliability
The choice of a site rests on specific logistic and economic criteria aimed at supporting a responsive supply of stocks and takes into consideration the market radius of the site (size), its logistic interests (easy reach, product rotation, truck access), the operator financial situation, the risk of economic dependence as well as environmental risks. Reduced consumer supplies and increased environmental and Hygiene Safety Environment (HSE) constraints, including the Prevention Plan of Technological Risks (PPRT), imply a rationalization of the grid and number of storage facilities. Managing strategic reserves involves national regulation which can shut down facilities located too close to cities or whose difficult financial situation prevents compliance with legislation. This situation has the disadvantage of complicating the geographical distribution of strategic reserves: in the event of a crisis, particularly without the logistic capacity to transport products, it is better if stocks are located as close as possible to end-consumers.